This course is an introduction to the basic counseling skills that are foundational to doing effective individual counseling and marriage & family therapy. Students are required to understand and to successfully demonstrate basic counseling skills in the form of video-recorded competencies in order to progress through the course. While counseling techniques and therapeutic skills are important, they do not replace the person of the counselor as the primary intervention tool. Emphasis is as a person impacts the therapeutic alliance with clients and not just what the counselor does in the session to help facilitate client change. This course is taught largely from a client-empowered 'not knowing' solution-building model.